Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), any person may commence a civil action against-
The United States district courts shall have jurisdiction, without regard to the amount in controversy or the citizenship of the parties, to enforce such provision or rule, or order such Federal agency to perform such act or duty, as the case may be. The courts shall advance on the docket, and expedite the disposition of, all causes filed therein pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection. If the court finds that the Secretary has failed to comply with a deadline established in section of this title, the court shall have jurisdiction to order appropriate relief, including relief that will ensure the Secretary's compliance with future deadlines for the same covered product.
No action may be commenced-
Notice under this subsection shall be given in such manner as the Commission shall prescribe by rule.
In such action under this section, the Secretary or the Commission (or both), if not a party, may intervene as a matter of right.
The court, in issuing any final order in any action brought pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, may award costs of litigation (including reasonable attorney and expert witness fees) to any party, whenever the court determines such award is appropriate.
Nothing in this section shall restrict any right which any person (or class of persons) may have under any statute or common law to seek enforcement of this part or any rule thereunder, or to seek any other relief (including relief against the Secretary or the Commission).
For purposes of this section, if a manufacturer or private labeler complied in good faith with a rule under this part, then he shall not be deemed to have violated any provision of this part by reason of the alleged invalidity of such rule.
42 U.S.C. § 6305
AMENDMENTS1987-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100-12, §8, added par. (3) and inserted at end "The courts shall advance on the docket, and expedite the disposition of, all causes filed therein pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection. If the court finds that the Secretary has failed to comply with a deadline established in section of this title, the court shall have jurisdiction to order appropriate relief, including relief that will ensure the Secretary's compliance with future deadlines for the same covered product."Subsecs. (b) to (f). Pub. L. 100-12, §11(b)(7), inserted headings for subsecs. (b) to (f). 1978-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95-619, §425(f), struck out provision in par. (1) which excluded sections and of this title and rules thereunder, struck out provision in par. (2) which excluded any act or duty under section or of this title, and inserted provision giving district courts jurisdiction to order Federal agencies to perform particular acts or duties under this part.Subsecs. (b), (c), (e). Pub. L. 95-619, §691(b)(2), substituted "Secretary" for "Administrator", meaning Administrator of the Federal Energy Administration, wherever appearing.
- The term "Administrator" means the Administrator of General Services.
- The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Energy.
- The term "person" includes (A) any individual, (B) any corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, trust, joint venture, or joint stock company, and (C) the government and any agency of the United States or any State or political subdivision thereof.